Why you should know more about antioxidants!  

    Have you continuously nursed the desire of growing forever young and disease free? Glad to tell you that antioxidants may be of help!

     Antioxidants are substances that protect body cells by preventing oxidative stress.  Just what I thought you are thinking, ‘what is oxidative stress?’

     Oxidative stress is the effect of damages caused to body cells by extremely reactive form of oxygen and other molecules called ‘free radicals’. Although some antioxidants are produced in the body, they are not sufficient to protect the body cells from these free radicals, so the body requires a wide range of antioxidant defenses which can only be gotten from foods. When the levels of antioxidants in the body are lower than that of free radicals, oxidative stress sets in, resulting in accelerated aging, damaged or mutated cells, broken-down tissue, the activation of harmful genes within DNA, and an overloaded immune system.

      Antioxidants in food occur as both nutrients (Vitamin A, C, E, Carotenoids and Selenium, copper, manganese, zinc) and non nutrients substances (Carotenes, Lycopene and xanthophylls which are oxygen-containing derivatives such as zeazanthin and lutein). By preventing oxidative stress, anti-oxidants gives a lot of benefits that you won’t want to ignore!

 1.      Antioxidants slow down the aging process

It has been discovered that free radicals in the body are responsible for general aging, and a lot of studies have found that people who consistently consume foods rich in antioxidants live longer and healthier. Antioxidants slow down this process of aging by removing free radicals before they can destroy important structure in the cell.

 2.      Antioxidants, especially Vitamin A are good for your skin

Antioxidants such as vitamin A help to prevent damage to skin cells. Studies show that intake of foods rich in vitamin A and C decreases the appearance of wrinkles during aging and also prevents skin dryness.

 3.      Antioxidants improves vision

Oxidative stress contributes greatly to the development of cataracts and age related disorders of the retina. Studies show food rich in beta-carotene, xanthophlls, vitamin C and Vitamin E may decrease the risk of eye related degeneration and improve vision.

 4.      Antioxidants prevent neurodegenerative diseases

Oxidative stress caused by free radicals has been linked to death of nerve cells which results in neurodegenerative diseases, these diseases can cause significant cognitive and physical impairment and shortened lifespan, thereby causing a burden to society. Antioxidants like vitamin C and E play crucial role in optimal cell function and optimal intake of these nutrients has been associated with decreased risk of neurodegenerative diseases. A study featured in the Journal of Alzeihmer’s Diseases and other studies found that increased consumption of antioxidant-rich foods such berries is associated with better cognitive performance in elderly people.

 5.      Antioxidants support healthy immune system

 Antioxidants such as selenium, vitamin A and C stimulate antibody production and defensive cells thereby boosting the body’s immune system. Also, the body’s immune system becomes less effective with age, and the unrepaired damage accumulates, antioxidants support the immune system during this aging period by defending the body against oxidative stress.

 6.      Antioxidants reduce the risk of heart diseases and stroke

Fruits and vegetables are major dietary sources of natural antioxidants and have been discovered to lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases. A study featured in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that those with high levels of vitamin C in their blood had almost a 50 percent decreased risk of stroke. Also many population studies have found that increased intake of vitamin E reduces the risk of heart diseases

 7.      Reduce the risk of cancer

Antioxidants such as carotenoids, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium prevent oxidative damage in the DNA which can lead to cancer and can also help in the treatments of several forms of cancer. Many studies indicate that inadequate intake carotenoid and other supporting antioxidants increases the risk of cancers of the lung, bladder, esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, prostate, and skin.

 8.      Antioxidants slows down the rate of disease progression

Antioxidants help to prevent inflammation in people with gastrointestinal, chronic and autoimmune diseases, thereby playing a major role treating, preventing complications or slowing down the progression of the diseases.

 Now to the next question in your mind, ‘What foods contain antioxidants?’

 Foods rich in antioxidants include tomatoes, carrots, sweet potatoes, bell peppers, cabbage , leafy vegetables, berries, oranges, millets, brown rice, wheat, oats, beans, salmon, organ meats, such as liver and kidney, shellfish, garlic, ginger, onions, turmeric, cocoa, basil, clove, walnut, and peanut.

fresh-milk-strawberry-blueberry-and-banana-drinks-wooden-table-assorted-protein-cocktails-fresh.jpg

 What about Supplements?

The best way of taking antioxidants is through diet; this is because certain supplements of antioxidants may be very harmful especially when taken in high doses. Antioxidants may be prescribed for patients having deficiencies but healthy individuals are advised to consume food rich in antioxidants.

REFERENCES

http://www.pnas.org/content/90/17/7915.short

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1113/expphysiol.1997.sp004024/full

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009279705004333

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0899900702009164

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jbt.10058/full

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25948669

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21506930

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25520935

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26159192

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27999412

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27803762

http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/12459890

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7449/a2bcbb504d3b96b1ce2975eaf5090e31dfd7.pdf

http://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad111799

 

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